Images of the past

A chronologue of beauty

Sunday, 15 April 2012

Saintly Robes

Costume in Sacred Art,XV to XVII c.


         The costumes in early devotional paintings hardly give any correct information on the costume of the times.The Saints and Biblical figures portrayed were often arrayed in magnificent robes based somewhat on reality and mostly on fantasy of the artist and his imagining of what the saints might have worn in their day.Since documentation and knowledge of historical costume was basically non-existent in the XV and XVI centuries the artists gave their imagination free reign and so produced some magnificent costumes.The main line and silhouette of the clothes were usually based on the fashions of the day and so a German painter might paint a Saint in the latest German court fashions,a French artist in French and so it is easy just by looking at them to discern where a painting originated.The fantasy came into play into the details,an eastern crown,feathered hats and curious headdresses adorn the saints head while their bodies are wrapped in voluminously draped robes sometimes imitating Byzantine dress or the artist's idea of what might have been worn at that period even though it was often wildly inaccurate.


Saints Clare of Assisi and Elizabeth of Hungary,1317 Simone Martini


Madonna of Mercy,1320 Lippo Memmi

Legend of St.George,c1400 Marzal de Sax Andres

                                                Crucifixion,1404-14 Konrad van Soest


                                                                      Crucifixion;det.


Death of St.Clare of Assisi,1410 Master of  Heiligenkreuz

Death of St.Clare of Assisi;det.

St.Dorothy,c1410 Konrad van Soest

The Virgin with Angels,c1410 Konrad van Soest

Adoration of the Kings,c1410 Konrad van Soest

Adoration of the Kings;det.

St.Catherine of Alexandria and  Maréchal de Boucicaut,1410-15 Heures de 
Maréchal de Boucicaut 

St.Catherine of Alexandria;det.


 Maréchal de Boucicaut;det.

St.Anne and the three Marys,1416 Jean Fouquet

St.Anne;det.

Helen and the True Cross,Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame,1422 Jan van Eyck

St.Helen and the True Cross,det.

Presentation of Christ in the Temple,1423 Gentile da Fabriano

Presentation of Christ in the Temple;det.

Madonna and child surrounded by angels and saints,c.1427 by Fra Angelico

Madonna and child surrounded by angels and saints,det.

Marriage of the Virgin Mary,1428 Robert Campin

Marriage of the Virgin Mary;det.

St George Killing the Dragon with the Virgin praying,1430 Bernardo Martorell 

St George Killing the Dragon with the Virgin praying;det

The Beheading of St John the Baptist and Salome Presenting his Head to Herod,1430
Bernardo Martorell

Marriage of the Virgin,1431-32 by Fra Angelico

Marriage of the Virgin,det.

Virgin Mary from Ghent Alarpiece,1426-1432 Hubert van Eyck

Adam and singing Angels,1432 Ghent Altarpiece

Angels singing;det.

Eve and Angels playing Music,1432 Ghent Altarpiece

Angels playing Music;det.

The Adoration of the Magi,1433 by Fra Angelico

Annunciation and Adoration of the Magi,1430-34 Fra Angelico

Annunciation and Adoration of the Magi,det.

Marriage of the Virgin,1433-34 Fra Angelico

Coronation of the Virgin,c.1434 by Fra Angelico

Coronation of the Virgin,det.

Coronation of the Virgin,det.

Madonna and Child flanked by St.Catherine of Alexandria and a donor with 
                             Archangel Michael,Dresden Tryptich,1434 Jan van Eyck

St.Catherine of Alexandria,Dresden Triptych;det.

                                         St.Catherine and St.Magdalene,c1430 Konrad Witz


Annunciation,1435 Jan van Eyck

Adoration of the Magi,1435-1440 Paolo Uccello

Visitation,between 1435-1440 Rogier van der Weyden

Madonna in the Church,1438 Jan van Eyck

Madonna in the Church;det

Adoration of the Magi,1440-43 Domenico Veneziano

Adoration of the Magi,det.

Constantine and his mother St.Helena venerating the True Cross
                                                         Darmstadt  Altarpiece,1440s


                                               St.Helena venerating the True Cross;det.


 Presentation of Christ in the Temple,1440 Giovani di Paolo

                                            The presentation of Christ in the Temple;det.


St.Catherine and the Virgin,c1440 Rogier van der Weyden

St.Mary Magdalene with a vessel,1440-50 Rogier van der Weyden

St.Ursula and Companions,c1440 Stefan Lochner

 St.Ursula and Companions;det.

Saints Catherine,Hubert and Quirinus,1445 Stefan Lochner

Adoration of the Magi,1445 by Fra Angelico and Filippo Lippi

Adoration of the Magi,det.

Madonna and Child with Saints,1445 Domenico Veneziano

Madonna and Child with Saints,det.

The Annunciation,1445-50 Fra Carnevale

Presentation of Christ in the Temple,1447 Stefan Lochner

Presentation of Christ in the Temple,det.

Birth of St.Nicholas,1447-48 Fra Angelico

Death of St.Nicholas,1447-48 Fra Angelico

Death of St.Nicholas;det.

Saint Eligius as a goldsmith,1449 Petrus Christius

Madonna and Child,1450 Domenico Veneziano

Legend of Saints Marti,Ursula and Anthony,mid XV Goncal Peris

Adoration of the Holy Wood,1452 Pietro Arezzo

Adoration of the Holy Wood;det.

                                     Madonna surrounded by Saints,c1455 Jaume Huguet

                                  St.Columba Altarpiece,1455 Rogier van der Weyden

St.Columba Altarpiece,1455 det.

St.Columba Altarpiece,central panel,1455 Rogier van der Weyden

                                                         St.Columba Altarpiece;det.


St.Columba Altarpiece,det

Badelin Triptych,1455 Rogier van der Weyden

Badelin Triptych,left wing

Badelin Triptych,right wing

Archangel Michael,1456 Jaume Huguet

Martyrdom of St.Erasmus,1458 Dieric Bouts

Martyrdom of St.Erasmus;det.

Holy Kinship,c1450 Flemish

Holy Kinship,c1450 Flemish det.

Adoration of the Magi,1464-65 Jaume Huguet

Adoration of the Magi;det.

Scenes from the life of St.Clare of Assisi,1465-70

                                         Scenes from the life of St.Clare of Assisi,1465-70


Scenes from the life of St.Clare of Assisi,1465-70

The Virgin and Child with Two Angels and the Young St John the Baptist 1465-70 by Boticelli

Birth of the Virgin,1467 Fra Carnevale

Birth of the Virgin;det.

Birth of the Virgin;det.

Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple,1467 Fra Carnevale

Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple;det.

Coronation of the Virgin,1467-69 Fra Filippo Lippi

Coronation of the Virgin,det.

Saint George and the Dragon,1470 Paolo Uccello

Saint George and the Dragon,1470 Paolo Uccello,det.

St.Catherine,1470 Carlo Criveli

Adoration of the Kings,1470 Hugo van der Goest

Adoration of the Kings,1470 Hugo van der Goest,det.

Adoration of the Magi,1470 Dieric Bouts

St.Augustine and the Devil,1471-75 Michael Pacher

St.Bernard releases a prisoner,1473 Pinturicchio

St.Bernard releases a prisoner,det.

The Miracles of Saint Bernardino,The Healing of a Mute,1473 Pietro Perugino

The Miracles of Saint Bernardino,The Healing of a Mute,det.

The Miracles of Saint Bernardino,The Healing of a Mute,det.

The Miracles of Saint Bernardino,The Healing of a Young Girl,1473 Pietro Perugino

The Miracles of Saint Bernardino,The Healing of a Young Girl,det.

Saint Egratia,1474 Bartolome Bermejo

Saint Damian,c1474 Bartolome Bermejo

Adoration of the Kings,1476 by Perugino

Adoration of the Kings,det.

Adoration of the Kings,det.

Adoration of the Magi,1475 Jacob van Oostsanen

  Adoration of the Magi,1475 Jacob van Oostsanen,right panel det.

Nativity and Circumcision of Christ,Kempen Altar,1475-80 Master of the Tiburtine Sibyl 

The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve,c 1470-80 Master of the Legend of St.Godelieve

The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve;det.

The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve;det.

The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve;det.

Episodes from the Life of St.Catherine,Master of the Legend of St.Catherine,1475-80

Episodes from the Life of St.Catherine,det.

Episodes from the Life of St.Catherine,det.

Portinari Triptych,1476-79 Hugo van der Goest

Saints Mary Magdalene and Margaret with Maria Portinari and her daughter
Portinari Triptych,det.,1476

Portinari Triptych,det.

Portinari Triptych,det.

St.John the Baptist Altarpiece,1479 Hans Memling

St.John the Baptist Altarpiece;det.

St.John the Baptist Altarpiece;det.

St.Mary Magdalene,c1480 Carlo Crivelli

Enghien Lamentation,1480-85 Master of Virgo inter Virgines

St.Augustin,1470-80 Juste de Gand

                                          Saint George killing the Dragon,XV c. Jorge Ingles


Madonna and Child with Saints Catherine and Barbarawith Saints John the Baptist and John the Evalgelist with an Angel in background,1479 Hans Memling

Christ and the Adulteress,St.Wolfgang Altarpiece,1479-80 Michael Pacher

Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Elizabeth of Hungary and Dorothy,1480 Master of the View of St.Gudula

Scenes from the life of St.Catherine,1480 Flemish

Scenes from the life of St.Catherine,1480 Flemish

The Resurrection of St.Lazarus,1480 Gerard de St.Jean

                                                      The Resurrection of St.Lazarus;det.


The Resurrection of St.Lazarus;det.

Holy Women and St.John at Golgotha,1480-85 Gerard David

Scene from The Legend of St.Domenico,c1480 Gerard de St.Jean

Scene from The Legend of St.Domenico;det.

The Crucifixion,1485 Master of The Legend of St.Ursula

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula,1485 Master of The Legend of St.Ursula

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula;det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula;det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula;det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula;det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula,1485 Master of The Legend of St.Ursula

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula,1485,top right,det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula,top left det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula,bottom right det.

Scenes from the life of St.Ursula,bottom right det.The Tiburtine's 

Legend of The True Cross or Legend of St.Helena,1486 Jan Polack

Legend of The True Cross or Legend of St.Helena,det.

Birth of St.John the Baptist,1486-1490 Domenico Ghirlandaio

Birth of St.John the Baptist;det.

Madonna with Mary Magdalene and other Saints,c1489 
 Master of the Legend of Saint Lucy

Madonna with Mary Magdalene and other Saints,Mary Magdalene;c1489,det.

Madonna with Mary Magdalene and other Saints,Saint Catherine;c1489 

Madonna with Mary Magdalene and other Saints,1489;det.

Virgin Mary from Salzburg Cathedral,1490s

Madonna of The Swallow,1490 Carlo Crivelli

Dinner with Simon the Pharisee,1490 by Albrecht Bouts 

St.Justina of Padua,c1490 Bartolomeo Montagna

St.Ursula with her parents at the Altar,c 1490

St.Ursula with her parents at the Altar,c 1490;det.

St.Ursula announces her departure on a pilgrimage to Rome,c1490 

Dispute of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with the Philosophers,1492-94 Pinturicchio

Dispute of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with the Philosophers,det.

                       Mary Magdalene and a Donor,1490-95 Master of Moulins;det.

Life of Saint Ursula,The Ambassadors Depart,c.1495 Vittore Carpaccio

Life of Saint Ursula,The Ambassadors Depart,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Ambassadors Return to the English Court,c.1495 
Vittore Carpaccio 

Life of Saint Ursula,Ambassadors Return to the English Court,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Ambassadors Return to the English Court,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Meeting of the Betrothed Couple and the Departure of the Pilgrims,c.1495
Vittore Carpaccio

Life of Saint Ursula,Meeting of the Betrothed Couple and the Departure of the Pilgrims,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Meeting of the Betrothed Couple and the Departure of the Pilgrims,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Martyrdom of the Pilgrims and the Funeral of St Ursula,c.1495
Vittore Carpaccio

Life of Saint Ursula,Martyrdom of the Pilgrims and the Funeral of St Ursula,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Apotheosis of St Ursula,c.1495 Carpaccio

Life of Saint Ursula,Apotheosis of St Ursula,det.

Life of Saint Ursula,Apotheosis of St Ursula,det.

St.Ursula meets Atherius,1495 Vittore Carpaccio;det.

St.Helena of Constantinople,1495 Cima da Conegliano

The Holy Kinship,1495 Gerard de St.Jean

The Holy Kinship,1495;det

The Holy Kinship, 1495;det.  

Mary with Jesus and four holy virgins by Master of the Virgo inter Virgines, 1495 - 1500


Virgo inter Virgines,1499 Master of 1499

Virgo inter Virgines,1499;det.

Virgo inter Virgines,1499;det.

                          Presentation of Jeasus in the Temple form the Hamburg Altar,1499


Virgin of the Seven Sorrows from the Hamburg Altar,1499

The Visitation,c1500 Jean Poyer 

Presentation of Christ in the Temple,1500-01 Hans Holbein the Elder

Presentation of Christ in the Temple;det.

The Holy Kinship,1500-1501 Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece

St.John the Baptist and St.Cecilia,left and Saints Alexius and Agnes,right,1500-1501
Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece

Descent from the Cross,c1500 Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece

Descent from the Cross,c1500 Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece;
                                                                det.Mary Magdalene


The Annunciation,1501 by Pinturicchio

The Annunciation,det.

Christ among the Doctors,1501 Pinturicchio

Christ among the Doctors,det.

Adoration of the shepherds,1501 Pinturicchio

Adoration of the shepherds,det.

                 Saint Bartholomew with his sisters Saints Agnes and Cecilia,central panel of 
                    St Bartholomew altarpiece,1503  Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece


Mary Magdalene with Vessel,c1500 Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece;det

Betrothal of St.Agnes,c1500 Master of St.Bartholomew Altarpiece;det.

Saints Catherine and Barbara,c1500 Master of Frankfurt

Madonna and Mary Magdalene with a donor,c1500 Flemish
                
                                   The Mystic Marriage of St Catherine,1500 Gerard David


The Mystic Marriage of St Catherine;det.

The Marriage at Cana,1500-1505 Gerard David

The Marriage at Cana;det.
                                                                               
The Martyrdom of Saints Catherine and Barbara,1505 Zurich Master

The canonization of Catherine of Sienna by Pope Pius II,1502-08 Pinturrichio

The canonization of Catherine of Sienna by Pope Pius II,det

The birth of the Virgin,1504-08 by Vittore Carpaccio

The birth of the Virgin,det.

Mary Magdalene and St.John the Baptist,1506 Zurich Master

Saints Dorothy,Agnes and Kunigunde,1506 Lucas Cranach

The Adoration of the Kings,1606-07 Giorgone

The Adoration of the Kings,det.

Jesus and Mary Magdalene,Noli me Tangere,1507 Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen

Crucifixion,1507 Jacob van Oostsanen

Crucifixion,1507 Jacob van Oostsanen,det.

Calvary,1500s Jacob van Oostsansen

Calvary;det.Saint Veronica

Crucifixion,1500s Studio of Jacob van Oostsansen

Three Kings Altarpiece,closed,1507 Hans Baldung 

Madonna and Child surrounded by Angles,1509 Quentin Massys
                                            
Jesus flanked with Saints Barbara,left and Catherine,right,1509 Lucas Cranach

The Mystic marriage of St.Catherine,c.1510 Antonio Boselli

The Mystic marriage of St.Catherine,det.

Holy Kinship,c1510 Master of The Holy Kinship

                                                                 Holy Kinship;det.

Holy Kinship;det.

St.Hemma of Gurk,1510 Sebald Bopp

The Lamentation,1510 Cornelis Engebrechtsz

The Lamentation;det.

The Visitation of Mary,1510 Master of M.S

Adoration of the Kings,1510-15 Jan Gossert

                                                          Adoration of the Kings;det.

Adoration of the Kings;det.

Sermon of Saint Stephen,1514 by Carpaccio

Sermon of Saint Stephen,det.

Sermon of Saint Stephen,det.

Altarpiece with circumcision,1515 Cornelis Cornelisz Kunst

Right wing of the Brömbsen Altar showing Elisabeth Brömse, wife of Heinrich Brömse 
and her daughters,1515

Saints Christopher and Catherine,1510-15 Leonhard Beck

St.George killing the Dragon,c1515 Leonhard Beck

St.George killing the Dragon;det.

St.George killing the Dragon;det.

Virgin and Child with Saints,c1510-20 Cologne School

Virgin and Child with Saints;det.

Virgin and Child with Saints;det.

Virgin and Child with Saints;det.

Virgin and Child with Saints;det.

Christ in the House of Martha and Mary.1515 Cornelis Engebrechtsz

Christ Taking Leave of his Mother.1515-20 Cornelis Engebrechtsz

Christ Taking Leave of his Mother;det.

The Mystic Marriage of St.Catherine,1516 Lucas Cranach

Martyrdom of St.Barbara,c1515 Schwaigern Altar

Charles the Great and St.Catherine,1516 Church of St.Jacob in Nuremberg

Adoration of the Magi,1518 Master of 1518

Adoration of the Magi;det.

The Presentation Of The Child Jesus in The Temple,1518 Master of 518

Adoration of the Magi,1500-20 Master of the Antwerp Adoration

Adoration of the Magi;det.St.George

Adoration of the Magi;det.

Adoration of the Magi;det.

Adoration of the Kings,1519 Marco Cardisco

Adoration of the Kings;det.

The Martyrdom of St.Dorothea,1519 Hans Baldung

Enthroned Madonna with Saints Barbara and Catherine,1520 Master of Hoogstraeten

Enthroned Madonna with Saints Barbara and Catherine;det.

Enthroned Madonna with Saints Barbara and Catherine;det.

Birth of The Virgin,1520 Jan de Beer

The Beheading of St.John the Baptist,c1520 Bacchiacca

The Beheading of St.John the Baptist;det.

St.Ursula,1523 Hans Holbein

The Annunciation; wings Portrait of Herman Plönnies, Ratsherr of Lübeck, with St Matthew,left portrait of his wife Ida Greverade, with St.Catherine,1522 Jacob van Utrecht

Ida Greverade, with St.Catherine

Saints Catherine and Barbara,1520-30 Hans Durer

The Martyrdom of St.Catherine,1st half of XVI c.Jan Provost

Mary Magdalene,1530 Jan van Scorel

The Visitation,1530 Master of A.B. Monogram

Mary Magdalene with Vessel,1530 Jan Gossaert

Mary Magdalene with Vessel,1530s Italian

St.Ursula,1531  Master of Messkirch

St.Barbara,1531  Master of Messkirch

Saint Apollonia,1531 Master of Messkirch 

Mary Magdalene with a Vessel,1533 Martin Schaffner

Jesus and Mary Magdalene,Noli me Tangere,1539 Hans Baldung

Stories from the life of St.Obitus,1530-1540 Romanino

Stories from the life of St.Obitus,1530-1540 Romanino

Marriage of the Virgin,c.1540 Romanino

Marriage of the Virgin,det.

St.Faustin on horseback by Moretto di Brescia,1420-40

St.Giovita on horseback by Moretto di Brescia,1420-40

St.Crosspatch,1550 Cornelis Anthonisz

Legend of the Virgin,1560 Jeronimo Cosida

The Adoration of the Kings,1564 Pieter Bruegel

The Adoration of the Kings;det.

Saints Cecilia and Catherine,1560-70 by Bernardino Campi

St.Helena,1574 by Francesco Morandini

St.Agatha,1630-33 Francisco de Zurbarán

St Ursula,1630s Francisco de Zurbarán

St.Engracia,1630s Francisco de Zurbarán

St.Casilda,1630s Francisco de Zurbarán

St.Isabel of Portugal 1635 Francisco de Zurbarán

St.Apollonia,1630s Francisco de Zurbarán

St.Dorothy,1648 Francisco de Zurbaran

St.Notburga of Rattenberg,mid XVII c.

Angel with Wheat,mid XVII c.Master of Calamarca

Angel Barachiel,mid XVII c.Master of Calamarca


Angel Letiel,mid XVII c.Master of Calamarca


Archangel ith a gun,c. 1680 by Master of Calamarca



No comments:

Post a Comment